A Web Designer is a person who creates and arranges the pages that make up a website. They often have to balance how a page looks against its functions, which can involve some compromises. Thus, a web designer creates web pages that are accessible to anyone irrespective of the device they use.
WEB DESIGNER ROLES
Roles and Responsibilities
Many different skills and disciplines in the production and maintenance of websites are essential for Web designing. The web designer roles include focusing on areas such as web graphic design; interface design; authoring, including standardized code and proprietary software; user experience design; and search engine optimization.
Essential Tools and Technologies
- Vector and raster graphics packages are usually used for creating web formatted imagery or design prototypes.
- Technologies used for creating websites include standardized mark-up, which could be hand-coded or generated by WYSIWYG editing software.
- There is also proprietary software based on plug-ins that bypasses the client’s browsers versions. These are often WYSIWYG but with the option of using the software’s scripting language.
- Search engine optimization tools may be used to check search engine ranking and suggest improvements.
- Other tools include mark up validators and other testing tools for usability and accessibility to ensure their web sites meet web accessibility guidelines.
- Marketing and communication skills are crucial for targeting particular market.
- Designer should be able to understand the trends of the web-site’s audience.
- User experience design and interactive design skills related to layout, clear instructions and labeling on a web-site is needed.
- Part of the user interface design is affected by the quality of the page layout.
- Limiting the variety of web-site typefaces to only a few which are of a similar style, instead of using a wide range of typefaces or type styles.
- Motion graphic design may make the difference between more effective visuals or distracting visuals.
- Conforming to standards can relate to the correct layout of pages for readability in addition to ensuring if coded elements are closed appropriately.
WEB DESIGNER CAREER OPPORTUNITIES
A degree in Computer Science or a marketing related degree such as Business Administration or E-Commerce is most common requirement to become a Web Designer. Most Web designers learn design skills and design languages by themselves as they develop pages. Often many individuals will work in teams covering different aspects of the design process, although some designers will cover them all.
Thus, one may opt to a web designer either through ‘formal training’ or ‘self training’. A certificate program or advanced degree program helps you enter the career. Internships or small consulting projects provide practical exposure and will be an added advantage when trying as a fresher. In case of self training, the career is often not started with the company as a web designer. Instead, it may be started out in marketing, administrative, or other roles taking on web design duties as needed.
Career Path and Outlook
A Web Designer career may progress to senior levels within the Web Design function. The designers may also advance within a marketing communications function, depending on the skills and interests.
A strong interest in graphic design and a passion for clean code are necessary while background in web marketing, website design, or information technology gives a candidate an advantage in the field.
According to payscale.com, average salary of a web designer is $27,078 – $72,664 in the US.